Make a hangover
Starting a court trial; In a criminal process, this is done by a prosecution or a call by the prosecutor, in a civil process by a summons by the claimant of the other party or a petition to the court.

1. In criminal law: the actual detention of a person suspected of having committed a criminal offense.
2. In a civil or criminal proceedings: deferral of treatment or final decision of the court.

The court in which a case is being dealt with. The court is the first instance, the court of law the second instance, or the higher appeal body.

1. Provision of how the Public Prosecutor must fulfill his task. There is, for example, an indication of the role of a prosecutor in risk-taking in paid football.
2. Official Order of the Minister of Justice to the Public Prosecutor to deal with a case in a particular way.

Disclosure by means of a court order, for example a summons or a notice.

Absolute competence or competence
When submitting a summons, two questions play a role. First, it must always be determined which kind of court is entitled to handle a case. In most cases, it will then be necessary to determine whether to be in the ‘ordinary’ court or at the canton court. This is the question of absolute competence. Secondly, it is necessary to determine in what arbitration the court should be approached. This is the question of relative competence.

Administrative processing
Procedure to deal with offenses under criminal law (traffic) violations.

Administrative case law
See: Administrative Law

Councilor or councilor in legal affairs. A lawyer must be registered with the court and is also a member of the Dutch Order of Lawyers.
For more information: http://www.advocatenorde.nl/.

Attorney General (A-G.)
1. Representative of the Public Prosecutor in a court of law. His task corresponds to that of the prosecutor in the court.
2. At the Supreme Council: Advisor to the Supreme Council. This attorney general does not work for the Public Prosecutor.

Signed document, which can serve as proof.

Alternative penalty
A job penalty (job penalty or punishment) as an alternative to imprisonment or fine. Task punishment is unpaid labor imposed by the criminal court instead of imprisonment. The work is usually done in hospitals, elderly centers, children’s farms, sports clubs etc. Learning punishment is a compulsory course of training or training as an alternative punishment for juveniles.

Extraordinary addition
Attorney’s right of attorney who provides free legal assistance to suspects, aliens or psychiatric patients who have been detained (see also: Custody) without having to file a request for this.

Appeal; the possibility of requesting a new verdict from a higher court if one disagrees with a court ruling. If a case has been served before the court and appeals, the case will be dealt with by the court of law. Appeals to the Supreme Court are called ‘cassation’.

The person in charge of appeal.

Form of dispute settlement in which not the judge but one or more referees (arbitrators) appointed by the parties themselves make a ruling.

Judgment of a court of law or the Supreme Court.

Jurisdiction. The Netherlands is divided into nineteen arrondissements, each with a court and a arrondissement parket. See also: Ressort.

The office of the Public Prosecutor in a district. At the arrondissement parket, the officers of justice and support staff are headed by a chief justice officer. The parcels are located in the same cities as the courts.


Indicator for the entire lawyer.

The possibility for direct stakeholders to complain if the Public Prosecutor’s Office has decided not to prosecute a criminal offense. The decision to prosecute or not yet will be submitted to the court for review.

Someone who is involved in a decision or dispute and has (directly) an interest in it.

An alternative way to resolve disputes. An independent expert mediator provides assistance to bring together the parties.

Disadvantaged party
Someone who has suffered from a criminal offense. A disadvantaged party may join the criminal trial to claim victim’s compensation for damages.

See: Higher appeal

1. A decision of a government agency in a concrete case, for example, granting a building permit.
2. A judicial verdict in proceedings initiating a petition. A verdict in proceedings initiating a summons is called a verdict.

Seizure of objects with which criminal offenses have been committed, for example because they are necessary for evidence or because they are dangerous (drugs, weapons). Also to criminals (money, cars, homes, yachts). This seizure takes place on behalf of the prosecutor.

Governing bodies
Bodies in charge of government tasks such as the College of Mayors and Aldermen or a business association.

Administrative Court
Jurisdiction dealing with disputes about decisions by a government agency. Disputes can be played between citizens as well as governing bodies and between governing bodies. Administrative law is the modern name for what was previously called administrative law.

Issuing of judicial documents, such as a summons, a convocation or a verdict, to a suspect or a witness.

See: Retention

Burden of proof
The obligation to provide evidence in a process.

Blood test
Removing blood to see if a motorist is under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

Soil procedure
Term used to terminate the normal court proceedings against the short action.

Legal Assistance Office
The Legal Assistance Office provides legal assistance to citizens with low and middle income.

Civil legal assistance
See: Civil case law


Cassation, cassation
Appeals to the Supreme Court against a decision by a lower court. (See also: In cassation at the Supreme Court)

Destroying a verdict by a lower court by the Supreme Court.

Notice to the suspect that he has the right to refuse.

Central Board of Appeal
(CRvB) Appeals Tribunal will decide on disputes concerning social insurance laws and civil service cases after appeal against a court ruling ruling. For more information: Central Board of Appeal

Civil case law
Jurisdiction dealing with disputes between citizens, between companies or between citizens and companies. Is sometimes also referred to as civil case law.

College of Appeals for Business
A governing board that decides on disputes in the field of socio-economic governance law. In addition, the College is a higher appeal body for judgments on a number of laws, such as the Competition Act and the Telecommunications Act. For more information: College of Appeals for Business.

College of Attorneys General
Five-member college headed by the Public Prosecutor.

Comparison of parties
The judicial order will appear personally from parties to court, usually to settle or to provide further explanation.

Indicates which court is authorized for what kind of business. See also: Absolute competence.

Conclusion of answer
The defendant’s first defense against what the plaintiff puts in a civil process.

Conclusion of reply
That which the plaintiff puts forward against what the defendant stated in the conclusion of the reply.

Conservatory batter
Seizure of goods after permission of a court, in anticipation of a dispute on a dispute.

Contra expertise
Examination by an expert.

Case of contradiction. This means that the defendant (in civil law) or the suspect / counselor of suspect (in criminal law) has appeared in the procedure and has been able to give his opinion.

In civil procedural law: merger of several legal claims.

Cumulative counting
Summons in which the accused is charged with several facts.

1. Person appointed by the court to act on behalf of someone who is in a position to act (under curative).
2. In the case of bankruptcies, the curator is the one who has paid the funds of the bankrupt and divides the creditors.


An agreement or settlement between parties which does not require the court to make a ruling. It is a contact between the victim and the victim in which the damage is reimbursed.

(Co-worker) of a criminal offense or the one who has provoked the fact.

Call to appear before the court.

Special jurisdiction


An agreement or settlement between parties which does not require the court to make a ruling. It is a contact between the victim and the victim in which the damage is reimbursed.

(Co-worker) of a criminal offense or the one who has provoked the fact.

Call to appear before the court.

Special remedy that anyone may use when he considers to be disadvantaged by a verdict pronounced between other parties.

Criminal act.

A court appearance at the place of the crime, the place where the cause of the dispute is visible or where the dispute occurs (place taking).

The oral plea of ​​the case by parties in a civil process.

Discretionary power
The free decision area of ​​the court.

To rob someone of life without having a pre-planned plan. There must be some intent on the game because otherwise it will be dead at most. The maximum penalty for manslaughter is fifteen years imprisonment. See also: Murder.

The defendant’s response to the claim by the plaintiff (civil affairs)

1. Means that can be used in criminal investigations against the suspect’s will. For example: fouilleren, arrest, search.
2. Press funds for the exercise of administrative impediment to ensure compliance with statutory requirements.

Amount that someone has to pay if he does not comply with an obligation imposed on him by the court.


Oath of promise
Statutory statement by a witness at the session that he will speak the truth. He is obliged. If he deliberately makes a false statement, he is guilty of perjury.

Economic police judge
Criminal judge who decides on economic offenses, such as violation of the shop lock act or the law of commerce.

Simple / single offense
Lightest form of crime, for example theft.

At first
(first instance) – Court where someone starts a procedure. Usually this is the court.

First and only instance
Procedure without the possibility of appeal.

Punishment that the suspect should receive according to the prosecutor.

The one who commences a (civil) procedure, as opposed to the defendant.

Electronic supervision
See: House arrest

Single room
One-judge hearing the case (police judge, child prosecutor, short-term president and economic prosecutor). See also: Multiple rooms.

Execution of a sentence
Enforcement of a judgment, sentence or decision, possibly with the help of a bailiff.

Executive seizure
The act of the bailiff to withdraw certain items or money from the losing party’s power, so that the judge has the right to recover items or to pay his debt.

Ex nunc
From now. Review ex nunc is a review from the current situation not to the situation at the time of the event.

Ex tunc
Since then. Evaluation ex tunc is a review of the situation when the event occurred.

Executive Title
Form in which a copy of a court judgment is made, so that the bailiff can enforce the sentence. A sentence in executorial form always begins with the words “In the name of the queen”.

(or exploit) – Collective name for official documents that can only be issued by a bailiff, for example a summons.


Formal right
Rules that indicate how a process should be conducted.

Court, court of law.

Convey the trial files to the court with the purpose of obtaining a verdict.


In civil law: the person against whom a claim or claim is addressed. Opposition of the plaintiff.


Someone who has suffered from an unlawful act.

Someone who acts as a representative on behalf of a party in the proceedings.

Counterparty in a civil procedure. See also: Rescued.

Court of Appeal. For example: Court, Court of Justice, Supreme Court.

Judicial inquiry –
Phase in investigating a criminal case, in which a judge, judge-commissioner mentioned, leads the investigation. This phase precedes the session.

Judge Auditor
training function for lawyers who want to become judges or (in the Supreme Court and Gerechtshoven) supporting function.

Court of Justice
Court of First Instance dealing with appeal. The Netherlands has five courts. See also: card court layout.

Court of Auditors
1. Training function for lawyers who want to be a judge.
2. Supporting position at Supreme Council and Central Council of Appeals.

Counterparty of the applicant in a petition procedure.

Witness a charge
Witness in a prosecution process called by the prosecutor. This usually imposes a statement that is liable to the suspect.

Witness a discharge
Witness in a criminal prosecution called by the suspect or his lawyer. This witness will generally make reluctant statements.

Form of provisional detention. This is preceded by the custody ordered by the judge-commissioner. The decision on detention and its extension is given by the court of law. The imprisonment of up to thirty days may be extended twice.

Objection raised in (higher) appeal.

Person who makes a report of the session and the judge supports when writing a verdict.

Law of Griffons
Amount to be paid to a court when initiating a civil or administrative case. See also: the cost of a procedure.

The Constitution has anchored parliamentary democracy. The Constitution regulates the powers of parliament, ministers and the Queen. It also describes how municipalities and provinces should function, how laws are made and how the case law is at work. But it is also important that the fundamental rights and duties of all Dutch be included in the Constitution.

A certified copy of a sentence intended for the parties.


Abbreviation for the alternative. The Halt agency may assign unpaid work as an alternative to a fine or imprisonment in case of minor offenses such as destruction or death stolen work of unpaid work. Halt is only for juvenile perpetrators. The work to be done has to do as much as possible with the damage caused, for example, the removal of graffiti. If the work is done well, the case is done and there is no longer any call to appear before the children’s court.

Trade name right
The trade name right (trade name act) provides protection for the conduct of a company’s trade name in a particular area or part of an area for a particular category of services or goods. A trade name is registered in the Commercial Register at the Chamber of Commerce in your region. The trade name may not be misleading about the ownership or legal form of the company. There is also a requirement that the trade name must be somewhat distinguished in order to be eligible for protection. A bakery that carries out the trade name Bakker can not be protected as such. Trademark law does not provide protection to logos and / or characters. The trade name right is obtained by the dealers themselves, not by registration with the Chamber of Commerce.

Form of imprisonment, imposed, for example, in violation or in the absence of a fine. See also House of Conservation.

The release of suspects who are in temporary custody or convicted persons who have practiced their punishment. Submissions occur if there are too few cells.

Extraordinary appeal against irrevocable convictions in criminal matters. Can the Supreme Court be asked when new facts and circumstances (novum) have occurred which were unknown at the time of the proceedings.

Court of Justice –
See: Gerechtshof.

High Council
Highest College in the Netherlands. The Supreme Court no longer sets itself the facts, but looks at the court of law

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